Bent/Crank Shaft - A type of paddle with bends to improve efficiency, and/or improve ergonomics.
Bow - Front of the boat.
BWCAW - The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness.
Chine - Area where the hull goes from horizontal to vertical. Often called “hard” or “soft” chines. Hard and soft chines have a distinctive feel about them. Some paddlers favor one type over the other.
Crossover - A type of boat (often kayak) designed to do most anything. Slightly larger than a whitewater boat, often with a skeg to increase tracking when needed, and lots of rocker to avoid rocks & other perils when the skeg is up.
Deck - The top of a boat.
Deck lines (or perimiter/static deck lines)- A safety feature. Something for a swimmer to grab to keep the boat from floating away.
Displacement Hull (SUP) - Hull tuned for better tracking with pointy, low rocker nose/bow. Faster than a planing hull on calm water.
Draft - How much of the boat’s hull is in the water.
Freeboard - Distance from the water to the deck. A measure of extra buoyancy.
Gunwale - The upper part of a canoe. Think rim. Pronounced “gun-null.” (You may also hear inwale & outwale on wood gunwales.)
Hull - The bottom part of the boat. Also partner to Oates. :)
Paddle - The device that propels a canoe. Different from an oar in that there is no fulcrum. Rowers use oars.
PFD - Personal Flotation Device, also known as a lifejacket.
Planing Hull (SUP) - A hull tuned for better maneuverability with a raised, rounded nose. Faster than a displacement hull on surf waves.
Rails - The sides of a SUP board.
Rudder - A device to aid tracking (not turning, as most suppose). Rudders flip down, then angle left or right to allow the boat to continue in a straight line.
Rocker - The amount of lift in the ends of a hull. A boat with a lot of rocker (lift) (blue hull) will turn quickly. Boats without rocker (yellow hull) track (and glide) well.
Skeg - A device to aid tracking, typically used in kayaks. Similar to a rudder, but is adjustable in depth, up or down. By adjusting how deep the fin (skeg) rides, the boat can be made to hold its course.
Stern - Back of the boat. Also see “Mom” and/or “Dad”.
SUP - Stand-Up Paddling. A “new” type of paddlesport where people stand up on slightly modified surfboards and add additional thrust via long bent-shaft paddles.
Tails - The aft part of a SUP board, describling 4 different designs: swallow, pin, round, and square.
Thwart - Things that connect both sides of a canoe’s gunwales. Not for sitting, but can be a support for kneeling.
Tracking - A term used to mean how well a boat wants to go in a straight line. Expedition touring boats are often great tracking boats. The opposite of tracking is turning.
Trim - When the ends of a boat are equallly submerged.
Yoke - A device to help carry a boat (canoe) on your shoulders. Not for sitting.